## Looking at Data—Distributions

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Looking at Data—Distributions TEST AWS GO!!!

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### CHAPTER OUTLINE

• 1.1 Data

• 1.2 Displaying Distributions with Graphs

• 1.3 Describing Distributions with Numbers

• 1.4 Density Curves and Normal Distributions

Introductions

Statistics is the science of learning from data. Data are numerical or qualitative descriptions of the objects that we want to study. In this chapter, we will master the art of examining data.

We begin in Section 1.1 with some basic ideas about data. We will learn about the different types of data that are collected and how data sets are organized.

Section 1.2 starts our process of learning from data by looking at graphs. These visual displays give us a picture of the overall patterns in a set of data. We have excellent software tools that help us make these graphs. However, it takes a little experience and a lot of judgment to study the graphs carefully and to explain what they tell us about our data.

Section 1.3 continues our process of learning from data by computing numerical summaries. These sets of numbers describe key characteristics of the patterns that we saw in our graphical summaries.

The final section in this chapter helps us make the transition from data summaries to statistical models that are used to draw conclusions and to make predictions. Specifically, we learn about using density curves to describe a set of data and are introduced to the Normal distributions. These distributions can be used to describe many sets of data that we will encounter. They also play a fundamental role in many of the methods of statistical analysis.abc