1. What are the inside lag and the outside lag? Which has the longer inside lag—monetary or fiscal policy? Which has the longer outside lag? Why?

  2. Why would more accurate economic forecasting make it easier for policymakers to stabilize the economy? Describe two ways economists try to forecast developments in the economy.

  3. Describe the Lucas critique.

  4. How does a person’s interpretation of macroeconomic history affect his view of macroeconomic policy?

  5. What is meant by the “time inconsistency” of economic policy? Why might policymakers be tempted to renege on an announcement they made earlier? In this situation, what is the advantage of a policy rule?

  6. List three policy rules that the Bank of Canada might follow. Which of these would you advocate? Why?