p value is less than the typical alpha level of 0.05.
]]>χ ^{2} (1) = 18.22, *p* = 0.000)” (p. 4006). What does a *p* value of 0.000 indicate?
]]>p level.
]]>χ ^{2} (1) = 18.22, *p* = 0.000)” (p. 4006). What additional statistics would be helpful to include with the ones presented here?
]]>(M) and standard deviation *(SD)*
]]>d or *R*^{2}
]]>(N) and the effect size Cramér’s *V*
]]>χ ^{2} (1) = 18.22, *p* = 0.000)” (p. 4006). On the previous screen, we indicated that it would also be helpful to include the effect size, Cramér’s *V*. Why would including an effect size be helpful?
]]>V lets us know which groups are statistically significantly different from each other.
]]>V, we know that this is a statistically significant finding, but we do not know how large the effect is.
]]>p-hacking.
]]>